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Health Care Professionals

Physicians, nurses, counselors, psychologists, medical assistants, and other health care providers play a crucial role in advising pregnant patients not to drink and recognizing patients with FAS/FASD to ensure they receive the proper care and services.

What is FASD? – Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term for several diagnoses, all related to prenatal exposure to alcohol. Learn more

Fetus Development Chart – Depicts the 38-week stages of the fetus’s development (learn more)


Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and School - By Terri Mauro - (DOC)

Catching the Subtle Signs of Cognitive Impairment, FASD, and other "Invisible" Disabilities - By Rene Denfeld - (DOC)

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Guidelines for Referral and Diagnosis - These guidelines are intended to assist physicians and allied health professionals in the timely identification, referral, and diagnosis of persons with fetal alcohol syndrome. Learn more

Journal of Perinatology (2003, 2008)

  • Prenatal Care Reduces the Impact of Illicit Drug Use on Perinatal Outcomes – Inadequate prenatal care and illicit drug use during pregnancy are both identifiable risk factors associated with perinatal morbidity and mortality, birth defects, preterm labor and delivery, intrauterine growth retardation, abruptio placentae, and fetal distress. Learn more
  • Perinatal Substance Abuse Intervention in Obstetric Clinics Decreases Adverse Neonatal Outcomes – Substance abuse during pregnancy is a major problem in the US, with many adverse maternal, fetal, and neonatal effects.  National guidelines consider screening and referral for substance abuse essential components of prenatal care. Learn more
  • Substance Abuse Treatment Linked With Prenatal Visits Improves Perinatal Outcomes: A New Standard - Substance abuse during pregnancy remains a serious problem in the US, with considerable adverse effects for women and their babies. Learn more

Developmental Screening/Testing – Coding Fact Sheet for Primary Care Pediatricians – Information on payment for screening. Learn more

Medical News Today (February 2009)
Combined Measures of Maternal Drinking Can Predict Resulting Problems in Children – While many people are aware that drinking during pregnancy can lead to a range of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, including FAS, linkages between maternal drinking measures and child outcomes are inconsistent. Learn more

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