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Cocaine is usually in powder form. It causes a short-lived, intense "high" that is immediately followed by depression, edginess and a craving for more. It is considered a stimulant drug because it causes increased heart rate and a sense of energy. Cocaine can be snorted or injected.

Street names:

Aunt Nora, Ball, Bernice, Blow, C, Charlie, Coke, Dust, Flake, Mojo, Nose candy

Short-term effects:

  • Poor eating and sleeping
  • Increased heart rate and breathing
  • Muscle spasms and convulsions
  • Paranoia, anxiety and hallucinations
  • Severe depression and hostility

Long-term effects:

  • Severe tooth decay
  • Destruction of tissues in nose if sniffed
  • Infectious diseases and abscesses if injected
  • Respiratory failure if smoked
  • Irreversible damage to blood vessels in the brain and heart, leading to strokes, heart attacks and death
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Liver, kidney and lung damage
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Reproductive damage and infertility
  • Frequency of risky behavior
  • Delirium or psychosis

Other related drugs